How to enable ssh login without entering password

Assume that you are a user "aliceA" on hostA, and wish to ssh to hostB as user "aliceB", without entering her password on hostB. You can follow this guide to enable ssh login without entering a password.

First of all, you need to be logged in as user "aliceA" on hostA.

Generate public/private rsa key pair by using ssh-keygen. The generated key pair will be stored in ~/.ssh directory.

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Then, create ~/.ssh directory on aliceB account at the destination hostB by running the following command. This step can be omitted if there is already .ssh directory at aliceB@hostB.

$ ssh aliceB@hostB mkdir -p .ssh

Finally, copy the public key of user "aliceA" on hostA to aliceB@hostB to enable password-less ssh.

$ cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh aliceB@hostB 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'

From this point on, you no longer need to type in password to ssh to aliceB@hostB from aliceA@hostA.


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