How to create and manage LXC containers on Ubuntu

While the concept of containers was introduced more than a decade ago to manage shared hosting environments securely (e.g., FreeBSD jails), Linux containers such as LXC or Docker have gone mainstream only recently with the rising need to deploy applications for the cloud. While Docker is getting all the media spotlight these days with strong […]
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How to install LEMP stack (nginx, MariaDB/MySQL and php) on CentOS

The LEMP stack is an increasingly popular web service stack, powering mission-critical web services in many production environments. As the name implies, the LEMP stack is composed of Linux, nginx, MariaDB/MySQL and PHP. nginx is a high performance and lightweight replacement of slow and hard-to-scale Apache HTTP server used in the traditional LAMP stack. MariaDB […]
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How to download an ISO image with BitTorrent fast and safely from the command line

If you are one of those guys who have urge to try out every new (or even beta) release of Linux distribution to satisfy your curiosity and stay up-to-date, you will need to deal with the hassle of downloading big ISO images every now and then. ISO providers typically put up .torrent file of their […]
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What is a good command-line calculator on Linux

Every modern Linux desktop distribution comes with a default GUI-based calculator app. On the other hand, if your workspace is full of terminal windows, and you would rather crunch some numbers within one of those terminals quickly, you are probably looking for a command-line calculator. In this category, GNU bc (short for “basic calculator”) is […]
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How to verify the authenticity and integrity of a downloaded file on Linux

When you download a file (e.g., an installer, an ISO image, or a compressed archive) from the web, the file can be corrupted under a variety of error conditions, e.g., due to transmission errors on the wire, interrupted download, faulty storage hardware, file system errors, etc. Such failure cases aside, a file can also be […]
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How to speed up slow apt-get install on Debian or Ubuntu

If you feel that package installation by apt-get or aptitude is often too slow on your Debian or Ubuntu system, there are several ways to improve the situation. Have you considered switching default mirror sites being used? Have you checked the upstream bandwidth of your Internet connection to see if that is the bottleneck? Nothing […]
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How to convert image, audio and video formats on Ubuntu

If you need to work with a variety of image, audio and video files encoded in all sorts of different formats, you are probably using more than one tools to convert among all those heterogeneous media formats. If there is a versatile all-in-one media conversion tool that is capable of dealing with all different image/audio/video […]
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How to set up EPEL repository on CentOS

If you are using CentOS or RHEL, it is strongly recommended that you configure EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) repository on your system. EPEL is a community effort to create a repository of high-quality add-on free software packages for RHEL-based distributions. Once you set up EPEL repository, you can use yum command to install […]
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How to create a cloud-based encrypted file system on Linux

Commercial cloud storage services such as Amazon S3 and Google Cloud Storage offer highly available, scalable, infinite-capacity object store at affordable costs. To accelerate wide adoption of their cloud offerings, these providers are fostering rich developer ecosystems around their products based on well-defined APIs and SDKs. Cloud-backed file systems are one popular by-product of such […]
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