How to set up RAID 10 for high performance and fault tolerant disk I/O on Linux

A RAID 10 (aka RAID 1+0 or stripe of mirrors) array provides high performance and fault-tolerant disk I/O operations by combining features of RAID 0 (where read/write operations are performed in parallel across multiple drives) and RAID 1 (where data is written identically to two or more drives). In this tutorial, I’ll show you how […]
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How to create a software RAID-1 array with mdadm on Linux

Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) is a storage technology that combines multiple hard disks into a single logical unit to provide fault-tolerance and/or improve disk I/O performance. Depending on how data is stored in an array of disks (e.g., with striping, mirroring, parity, or any combination thereof), different RAID levels are defined (e.g., RAID-0, […]
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How to create a cloud-based encrypted file system on Linux

Commercial cloud storage services such as Amazon S3 and Google Cloud Storage offer highly available, scalable, infinite-capacity object store at affordable costs. To accelerate wide adoption of their cloud offerings, these providers are fostering rich developer ecosystems around their products based on well-defined APIs and SDKs. Cloud-backed file systems are one popular by-product of such […]
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How to manage LVM volumes on CentOS / RHEL 7 with System Storage Manager

Logical Volume Manager (LVM) is an extremely flexible disk management scheme, allowing you to create and resize logical disk volumes off of multiple physical hard drives with no downtime. However, its powerful features come with the price of a somewhat steep learning curves, with more involved steps to set up LVM using multiple command line […]
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How to configure Access Control Lists (ACLs) on Linux

Working with permissions on Linux is rather a simple task. You can define permissions for users, groups or others. This works really well when you work on a desktop PC or a virtual Linux instance which typically doesn’t have a lot of users, or when users don’t share files among themselves. However, what if you […]
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What are useful CLI tools for Linux system admins

System administrators (sysadmins) are responsible for day-to-day operations of production systems and services. One of the critical roles of sysadmins is to ensure that operational services are available round the clock. For that, they have to carefully plan backup policies, disaster management strategies, scheduled maintenance, security audits, etc. Like every other discipline, sysadmins have their […]
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How to set up a Samba file server to use with Windows clients

According to the Samba project web site, Samba is an open source/free software suite that provides seamless file and print services to SMB/CIFS clients. Unlike other implementations of the SMB/CIFS networking protocol (such as LM Server for HP-UX, LAN Server for OS/2, or VisionFS), Samba (along with its source code) is freely available (at no […]
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How to speed up directory navigation in a Linux terminal

As useful as navigating through directories from the command line is, rarely anything has become as frustrating as repeating over and over “cd ls cd ls cd ls …” If you are not a hundred percent sure of the name of the directory you want to go to next, you have to use ls. Then […]
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How to use LVM in Linux

Logical Volume Manager (LVM) is a versatile disk management system that can easily be used in Linux or similar operating systems. Traditional partitions are created in fixed sizes, and resizing them is a tedious process. On the other hand, LVM creates and manages “logical” volumes off of physical hard disks, and provides administrators the flexibility […]
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