If you often mount and access a remote NFS share on your system, you will probably want to know how to improve NFS file access performance. One possibility is using file caching. In Linux, there is a caching filesystem called FS-Cache which enables file caching for network file systems such as NFS. FS-Cache is built into the Linux kernel 2.6.30 and higher.
In order for FS-Cache to operate, it needs cache back-end which provides actual storage for caching. One such cache back-end is cachefiles. Therefore, once you set up cachefiles, it will automatically enable file caching for NFS shares.
In this tutorial, I will describe how to enable local file caching for NFS shares by using cachefiles.
Requirements for Setting Up CacheFiles
One requirement for setting up cachefiles is that local filesystem support user-defined extended file attributes (i.e., xattr), because cachefiles use xattr to store extra information for cache maintenance.
If your local filesystem is ext4-type, you don't need to worry about this since xattr is enabled in ext4 by default.
However, if you are using ext3 filesystem, then you need to mount the local filesystem with "user_xattr" option. To do so, edit /etc/mtab to add "user_xattr" mount option to the disk partition that will be used by cachefiles for file caching. For example, assuming that /dev/hda1 is such a partition:
/dev/hda1 / ext3 rw,user_xattr 0 0
After modifying /etc/fstab, reload it by running:
Set Up CacheFiles
In order to set up cache back-end using cachefiles, you need to install cachefilesd, a userspace daemon for managing cachefiles.
To install cachefilesd on Ubuntu or Debian:
To install cachefilesd on CentOS, Fedora or RedHat:
$ sudo chkconfig cachefilesd on
After installation, enable cachefilesd by editing its configuration file as follows.
Next, mount a remote NFS share with fsc option:
192.168.1.13:/home/xmodulo /mnt nfs rw,hard,intr,fsc
Alternatively, if you mount the remote NFS share from the command line, specify fsc as a command-line option:
Finally, restart cachefilesd:
At this point, file caching should be enabled for the mounted NFS share, which means that previously accessed files in the mounted NFS share will be retrieved from local file cache.
If you want to flush NFS file cache for any reason, simply restart cachefilesd.
Subscribe to Xmodulo
Do you want to receive Linux FAQs, detailed tutorials and tips published at Xmodulo? Enter your email address below, and we will deliver our Linux posts straight to your email box, for free. Delivery powered by Google Feedburner.
Did you find this tutorial helpful? Then please be generous and support Xmodulo!
Latest posts by Dan Nanni (see all)
- How to back up a WordPress website to remote cloud storage from the Linux command line - November 24, 2015
- How to access Dropbox from the command line in Linux - November 22, 2015
- How to send email notifications using Gmail SMTP server on Linux - November 9, 2015