LaTex is a document markup language for the Tex typesetting program. Due to its high quality typesetting capability, LaTex/TeX system is popularly used in academia and research communities to prepare professional looking documentations and research papers.
If you would like to use LaTeX on Ubuntu or Debian, you can install Tex Live, which is the default TeX distribution on such systems.
To install Tex Live, do the following, which will install bare essential TeX-related programs.
$ sudo apt-get install biblatex
In addition to the above, you will probably want to install extra macro packages and LaTex fonts in order to write up a decent article.
For fonts used in LaTex:
For miscellaneous other fonts such as kpfonts:
To use pdflatex:
For subfigure support:
For other LaTex style files such as float.sty,
For various algorithm-related packages such as algorithm.sty and algorithmic.sty:
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